Collectively, we determined the relative conservation and distribution of 14354 predicted ORFs from 10 rickettsial genomes across robust phylogeny estimation. The data, available at PATRIC (PathoSystems Resource Integration Center), provide novel information for unwinding the intricacies associated with Rickettsia pathogenesis, expanding the range of potential diagnostic, vaccine and therapeutic targets.
The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) has led to a paradigm shift in our basic understanding of gene regulation. Competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) are the recent entrants adding to the complexities of miRNA mediated gene regulation. ceRNAs are RNAs that share miRNA recognition elements (MREs) thereby regulating each other. It is apparent that miRNAs act as rheostats that fine-tune gene expression and maintain the functional balance of various gene networks. Thus MREs in coding and non-coding transcripts have evolved to become the crosstalk hubs of gene interactions, affecting the expression levels and activities of different ceRNAs. Decoding the crosstalk between MREs mediated by ceRNAs is critical to delineate the intricacies in gene regulation, and we have just begun to unravel this complexity.
Theranostic principles utilize a molecular biomarker specific for a tumor target, initially for imaging to assess target expression and, if deemed suitable, for targeted therapy. This presents an exciting opportunity for a highly personalized treatment strategy in the era of precision medicine. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) theranostics has attracted increasing attention as a promising targeted treatment in metastatic prostate cancer (PC). 177Lu-DOTA-PSMA-617 (177Lu-PSMA-617) is a PSMA-targeted small molecule with favorable properties and is the most extensively investigated PSMA radioligand for radionuclide therapy (RNT) in PC. Since 2014 multiple retrospective studies and more recently a phase II prospective study demonstrated safety and impressive efficacy of 177Lu-PSMA RNT. The evidence generated by these trials led to two currently underway randomized trials in metastatic castrate-resistant PC: TheraP (NCT03392428) and VISION (NCT03511664). While we wait for these pivotal trials to read out, nuclear medicine physicians, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and urologists are facing a steep learning curve to master the intricacies and nuances of this novel therapeutic strategy. This review article aims to share and discuss the evolving experience in practical aspects of PSMA theranostics.
Understanding the intricacies of local labor laws is critical for any business with operations in multiple countries or looking to establish operations in a new country. This is especially true for laws regulating or mandating vacation time as many countries, such as Brazil, have systems that differ from what employers may be accustomed to in the United States. Failure to rigorously comply with these laws could force employers to pay costly penalties and allow employees to use up large amounts of accrued vacation time.